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Concerns as Some Banks Show Signs of Weakness

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A Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) stress test has shown that only large banks will stay above the regulator’s capital adequacy ratio threshold if the non-performing loans levels of the Deposit Money Banks should rise by 50 per cent.

 

The results of the stress test were contained in the CBN’s latest Financial Stability Report posted on its website on Thurday.

 

According to the report, the end-June 2017 banking industry stress test, which covered 20 commercial and four merchant banks, was conducted to evaluate the resilience of the banks to credit, liquidity, interest rate and contagion risks (shocks).

 

The banking industry was categorised into large banks (those with assets up to N1tn or above); medium banks (those with assets more than N500bn but less than N1tn); and small banks (those with assets up to N500bn or below).

 

The stress test results stated, “The stress test showed that only large banks could withstand a further deterioration of their NPLs by up to 50 per cent. However, none of the groups withstood the impact of the most severe shock of a 200 per cent increase in the NPLs as their post-shock CARs fell below the 10 per cent minimum prudential requirement.

 

“The impact of the severe shocks on the banking industry, large, medium and small banks will result in significant solvency shortfall of 15.21, 9.78, 93.42 and 17.53 percentage points from the regulatory minimum of 10 per cent CAR, amounting to N2.77tn, N1.54tn, N0.98tn and N0.25tn, respectively.”

 

According to the CBN report, the average baseline Capital Adequacy Ratios for the banking industry, large, medium and small banks at the end of June 2017 stood at 11.51, 13.13, -6.71 and 13.54 per cent, respectively.

 

These represented a decline of 3.27, 2.34 and 19.46 percentage points for the banking industry, large and medium banks, respectively from the position as at end-December 2016.

 

However, the small banks group grew by 10.40 percentage points from 3.14 to 13.54 per cent

 

The CBN said the decline in the CARs was attributable to the challenges in the oil and gas sector coupled with the slow recovery in the domestic economy, which resulted to a rise in the NPLs and capital deterioration.

 

In the sectoral credit concentration risk stress test, the breakdown of banking industry’s total credit by sector showed that, oil and gas sector accounted for 28.83 per cent of the industry credit, while manufacturing, general, information and communications, government and others accounted for 13.76, 8.82, 4.94, 8.53 and 35.12 per cent, respectively at end-December 2016.

 

The report added, “The results of the stress test of default in exposure to oil and gas sector showed that the banking industry and peered groups, with the exception of medium banks, withstood up to 20 per cent default as their post-shock CARs remained above 10.00 per cent – industry (10.74 per cent), large banks (12.30 per cent) and small banks (13.34 per cent).

 

“Under a more severe shock of 50 per cent default, only small banks had CARs above 10.00 per cent (12.30 per cent). This showed that banking industry, large and medium banks were more exposed to the credit risk in the oil and gas sector than the small banks.”

 

The CBN liquidity stress test showed that after a one-day run, the liquidity ratio of the industry declined to 31.5 per cent from the 48.1 per cent pre-shock position, and to 11.8 and 7.9 per cent after a five-day and cumulative 30-day run, respectively.

 

According to the report, the asset quality of commercial banks declined in the first half of 2017.

 

The ratio of the NPLs to gross loans increased by 2.2 and 4.3 percentage points to 15.0 per cent at end-June 2017 compared with the levels at end-December 2016 and end-June 2016, respectively.

 

In his reaction under the Governor’s Statement on the FSR, the CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele, said, “Reflecting the recession in the first half of 2017, there was noticeable deterioration in banks’ loan portfolios, especially exposures to the oil and gas sector and foreign currency denominated credit.

 

“To maintain financial system stability, efforts have been intensified to proactively engage operators to effectively manage the associated risks. Also, a framework for the establishment of private asset restructuring companies to acquire non-performing loans from banks and other financial institutions will be released in due course.”

 

The Deputy CBN Governor, Financial System Stability, Dr. Joseph Nnanna, stated that the regulatory attention was currently focused on ensuring an improvement in the quality of banks’ assets as well as ensuring that the banks contribute effectively to the real sector.

 

“The disruptions experienced in the economy with declining oil prices and government revenue resulted in an increase in the non-performing loans in the banking industry. The CBN will continue to monitor developments and initiate measures to limit contagion and ensure that financial institutions remain safe and sound,” he added.

 

The results of the CBN’s stress test were in line with the Article IV Consultation report by the International Monetary Fund, which highlighted the risks the banking sector faced, particularly with regards to solvency ratios of “four small and medium-sized undercapitalised banks,” Afrinvest, a Nigeria-based investment and research firm, said in a research note.

 

It noted that some of the “small and medium-sized banks are kept afloat through continuous recourse to the CBN’s lending facilities”

 

The IMF report stated that banks needed to raise their capital buffers hence, the CBN’s directive on dividend payment was a welcome development, while also calling for a broad review of asset quality to unmask potential capital needs.

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E-Financial

eTranzact Fires Obi as CEO, Others over Alleged N11Bn Fraud

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eTranzact International Plc has confirmed that Mr. Valentine Obi, managing director and some of its other directors will step down, after the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) asked the senior management of the payment processor company  to resign.

 

The action is coming in the wake of alleged fraud to the tune of ₦11billion perpetrated on its platform, by Michael Obasuyi, CEO of Platinum Multi-Purpose Cooperative Society Limited on the platform.

Mr. Valentine Obi

In a letter signed by the company’s secretary, eTranzact International, said that Mr. Obi will step down as the company managing director, while Mr. Niyi Toluwalope will be taking over as the managing director in an acting capacity.

 

Until this new appointment, Toluwalope was the Chief Financial officer of the company, a position he has held since 2011.

 

Others affected by the management change include Executive Directors; Sullivan Akala, Ike Eze and Chief Technology Officer, Mr. Richard Omoniyi, Head of Operations, Mr. Kehinde Segun.

 

eTranzact International however denied reports that PricewaterhouseCoopers, PwC, and Earnest & Young have been recruited to review the accounts of the company.

 

eTranzact, claimed that the move for the change in the management of the firm is strictly a decision by the board.

 

“We want to categorically state that there was no fraud in eTranzact International Plc, however, a merchant used the company’s interface with a bank to perpetrate fraud,” the press release made available to Techpoint.ng reads in part

 

The firm also affirms that neither of PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) nor Ernst and Young is reviewing the books of the company. eTranzacts claims PwC handles various technology-related assignments from time to time for the company, none of which has to do with account reviewing.

 

E-Tranzact international was incorporated as a Private Limited Liability Company on the 7th of May 2003. It became a public limited liability company on the 7th of August 2009 and was quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE).

 

Its shares are currently trading flat on the Nigerian Stock Exchange at ₦4.55 with its one year return down by 7.14%.

 

Full Text of Release

 

eTranzact International PLC, Africa’s premier e-payments solution provider has announced that it will be making significant changes to the Company’s management team.

 Niyi Toluwalope

Mr. Valentine Obi, Managing Director of the Company will be stepping down and Mr. Niyi Toluwalope will be taking over as the Managing Director in acting capacity. Until his appointment, Mr. Niyi Toluwalope was the Chief Financial Officer, a position he has held since 2011. Other executive positions affected by the management changes are: Executive Directors -Mr. Sullivan Akala and Mr. Ike Eze; Chief Technology Officer – Mr. Richard Omoniyi and Head of Operations – Mr. Kehinde Segun.

 

eTranzact is aware of recent Business Day publications about these management changes and wishes to announce that the changes are strictly eTranzact Board’s decision, and would like to advise all its stakeholders that it is working closely with the regulators, and all other relevant Stakeholders to resolve any issue related to or arising from the management changes.

 

In addition, we want to categorically state that there was no fraud in eTranzact International Plc, however a merchant used the company’s interface with a bank to perpetrate fraud. The eTranzact executives resigned honorably because they have the responsibility for governance in the company. Also, there is no truth about PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) or Ernst & Young reviewing the Accounts of the Company. eTranzact retains PwC from time to time for various technology related assignments and none has to do with reviewing the Company’s Accounts.

 

The ISO certifcations are a testament to eTranzact’s focus in adopting and implementing global and best practices to ensure effectiveness, efficiency, confidentiality and integrity in its day to day operations. This marks the beginning of a new journey for the company.”

 

 

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E-Financial

UBA to Reward Loyal Customers in ‘Refer-a-Friend’ Campaign

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Pan-African Financial Services Institution, United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc will be rewarding its loyal customers who refer friends and family to the bank in its new diaspora campaign.

 

The campaign is designed to reward customers of the bank who refer their Diaspora friends/relatives to open a UBA account.

 

Specifically, this campaign will last for three months and the bank will be rewarding any customer who refers other customers with the reward of N5,000 for every successfully opened new and funded account.

 

For instance, new and existing customers who refer friends and relatives in the Diaspora to open new UBA accounts will be eligible to grab the reward for as many times as the number of people they refer.

 

According to the campaign managers, the referrer who must have an account with UBA, will have his/her account number inputted in the provided field by the referred. The account number is expected to serve as a reference code for paying the reward, and once the new Diaspora account is funded with a minimum of $100,  $100, £100, €100 or N50,000, for a one-month period, the reward sum of N5,000 will be automatically credited into the Referrer’s account.

 

They further explained that the campaign which kicks-off on May 22, 2018, involves no raffle draws, customers just refer, and redeem their cash prizes after successful funding of the new account.

 

 

 

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E-Financial

Court Orders Zenith Bank to Pay Customer N11m as Damages

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An Anambra State High Court sitting in Onitsha has ordered Zenith Bank PLC to pay the total sum of eleven million naira to Mr. Iwuchuckwu Okeke of Okeke P.C Stores as damages for detaining his five hundred and fifty thousand naira for ten days and also for reputation and business damages.

 

In its judgement, the court presided by Justice M.N.O Okonkwo ordered the bank to pay a sum of one million naira to the Plaintiff as damages for detaining his five hundred and fifty thousand naira for ten days and the sum of ten million naira as reputation and business damages.

 

According to Plaintiff who deals with the products of the Nigerian Bottling Company, on 1st March 2017, he paid the sum of five hundred and fifty thousand naira to the account of the Nigerian Bottling Company Limited through the defendant and the electronic transaction receipt evidencing the payment was issued to him but the bank failed to effect the transaction timeously blaming the failure on poor network and all attempts by him in approaching the bank to effect the transaction failed.

 

He thereafter wrote the bank through his lawyer and requested that the money be remitted and that also sum of five million naira should be paid to him as compensation to his loss but the bank failed to act accordingly and he had no option than to seek for justice at the court of law in order to save his business as he was out of stock and had no money to order for new products from the Nigerian Bottling Company.

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