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Nigeria Hit by 2,175 Cyber-Attacks in One Year – NITDA

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Mr. Isa Patanmi, director-general, Nigerian Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) has said that Nigeria suffered about 2,175 cyber-attacks in 2015.

Patanmi, who disclosed this at the inauguration of a committee to implement the national cyber security strategy in Abuja, said a total of 585 government-owned websites were among the 2,175 Nigeria websites hacked in the Office of the National Security Adviser in 2015.

According to him, about 14 percent of the 97 million internet users in Nigeria suffered cyber-attacks, which he said had necessitated the setting up of Cyber Security Committee.

“A total of 585 government-owned websites were among the 2,175 Nigerian websites hacked in 2015, the Office of the National Security Adviser said recently. Of about 97 million internet users in Nigeria, about 14 percent suffered cyber-attacks,” the statement said.

From a threat intelligence drawn from Check Point Software Technologies by global payment giant, Paypal.com, Patani said Nigeria ranked as the 17th most attacked nation in the world in December 2015 in the global outlook.

He also informed that government websites had often been hacked as cyber security threats continue to grow in the West African nation.

On the inauguration of the committee, the NITDA boss said the idea was to strengthen cyber security in Nigeria and to raise awareness among the citizens on the need to guide against cyber threats, the use of encryption and human and institutional capacity building, among others.

Nigeria CommunicationsWeek believes that technology makes life more exciting and helps improve the lives of people around Nigeria and indeed the world. So since 2007, we have devoted our energy to independent reportage of technology and how they affect lives.

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E-Business

NiRA Commences Auction Process for Some Premium Domains

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The .ng domain name string can be used in many creative ways. The number of second level domains which have been made available by NiRA have grown and the speed of their uptake is quite impressive.

In a bid to further drive the growth and awareness of the .ng brand, NiRA, in conjunction with her Accredited Registrars, will be conducting an auction of some premium domain names. This process will be carried out online and in a transparent manner. This round of Auction is coming, after the Initial auction that was conducted in 2018.

The NiRA auction process have been initiated and the auction guidelines can be viewed at: https://www.nira.org.ng/pdf/PremiumDomainAuctionGuidelines30January2019.pdf

In accordance with the published guidelines, NiRA and her Accredited Registrars will publish the final list of domains to be auctioned, in due course.

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Eye on Digital Revolution of the Educational System

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Chris Uwaje, director general, Delta State Innovation Hub

A sustainable digital transformation of any country starts with laying a solid foundation in its educational system which is the basis for human capital development.

 

A sorry educational system no doubt will not bring forth skilled and innovative human capital required for economic advancement of the country.

 

As the country tries to pay dedicated attention to the fourth industrial revolution, to equip citizens with the necessary skills to thrive in a digital society becomes inevitable.

 

Chris Uwaje, director general, Delta State Innovation Hub, described digitalization of educational system as conversion of all forms of development through digital knowledge process from analogue format to digital electronic learning process at all levels.

 

He identified things the country require in order to digitalize its educational system to include creative people, visionary leadership, active science, technology and innovation research, constructive strategy, responsive and sustainable infrastructure.

 

“More so, we have to promote merit-first strategy, retooling the entire workforce and learning environment with ICT intervention. Technology is created by man. Therefore we need people and knowledge – first policy. And best way to conquer that abnormally is through the fussion of Nigeria’s diaspora and local knowledge processes that applies huge investment and transparent incentives in education promotion, administration and sustainable management standard,” he said.

 

Amos Emmanuel, Chief Software Architect, Programos Software Group, said that digitized education frameworks bring about expanded knowledge sharing and collaborations between regions and institutions, which in effect accelerates citizens’ empowerment for innovation by skilled citizens who impact social innovation, integration of technologies into everyday life.

 

“Knowledge is power! Nigeria will be able to create and sustain a wealthy innovation-bed of innovation creators rather than as technology consumers only. As the WSA Eminent National Expert for Nigeria and Grand Jury member, we can point to a clear fact that the country’s innovation ecosystem, despite its numerous social-political challenges, is productive and growing in leaps and bounds as Nigeria has sustained consistency on the global innovation map rating of the UN World Summit Awards system that started in, Vienna, Austria 15 years ago.

 

He noted that Nigeria’s education system has greatly been influenced by recent advancements in technological developments, and recommended that policymakers, stakeholders alike ensure that educational institutions are regulated to ensure science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) learning in educational programs are digitized.

 

“As is applicable in other sectors, a technocrat with requisite expertise should be considered as information technology and education ministry ministers and not politicized. It is the high time our government steps up programmes to put an end to the epileptic power supply as the majority of the educational institutions across the country cannot take advantage of digitization with power programme still far below expectation.

 

“We need appropriate legislation to be harmonized with existing ones so as to promote an easy unambiguous regulatory framework to ensure our collective desires for sustainable education digitization is attainable,” he added.

 

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The Workplace of the Future – Emergence of a New Culture

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By Austin Okere

As the workplace is becoming more millennial, a new cultural trend is emerging that challenges the traditional ethos that have held sway since the days of Adam Smith.

The Enterprise as we have hitherto known, is defined by her purpose, values, culture and vision. These are essentially the reason d’être and form the basis of the tradition of the company.

As the company is not able to direct her own affairs, this function is entrusted by the promoters of the business, being the Shareholders to Custodians, being Directors, who in turn appoint Managers to run the daily affairs of the company. Let us call this group the CUSTODIANS of the business. Typically, they know no other work, pledging their full working time and allegiance to the enterprise by whom they are employed and paid. They are your typical company man.

As more millennials are becoming working age adults, we are beginning to see a strong shift in this trend, that threatens to fundamentally change the structure of the enterprise as we know it today. To start with, Millennials are not wont to seeking employment in a company, preferring rather to become entrepreneurs in charge of their own affairs, notwithstanding that they may not have the mechanism and full complement of resources that we would have deemed necessary to embark on such a venture yesteryears.

They are typically a one-man enterprise selling slices of time and talent; or a few friends coming together to offer their skills to anyone who wants them for a project, and moving onto other projects, possibly with other companies. They do not want to be an integrated part of any company, nor be bound by any restrictions of time and space.

They typically work from home, parents garage or coffee shop. They tend to be very good at their niche, aided by the ubiquity of technology and their deep command of it. They do not want to clock hours at work but rather to be paid on the outcome of their deliverables. Let us call these the ENABLERS.

Today’s workplace is beginning to divide into CUSTODIANS; typically, Baby Boomers and ENABLERS; typically, millennials. A recent survey shows that I conducted on LinkedIn shows that even within the custodian’s there is a growing tension about whether they have a right embark on their own side businesses (if it does not conflict with that of the company); the argument being that it enhances creativity and entrepreneurial acumen.

They also claim that it is very widespread, albeit undercover, and that it is about time it came out into the open within an appropriate governance structure.

There is also the question of whether they need to commute all the way in traffic to the workplaces and face the same traffic going home; or they could work from home and deliver the output of their jobs much the same way as the millennials tend to do.

There is also a growing tension about the intrusion into their free time, upsetting their work-life balance, by technology enabled mechanisms which keep them always “switched on”, such as Emails, Text Messages, and even Calls on their mobile phones, consistently beeping even during the weekends and holidays.

This was not a problem during the days of the landlines and fax machines. They argue that even if they are not required to respond immediately, it changes their entire mood during their free time with their families and thereby accelerate their burnout rate.

Technology has always had a double-edged sword in organizational relationships. Technology could be a bridge or a barrier, depending on how it is used in the Firm.

Technology enables connections but does not necessarily enhance relationships. Relationship is key, because relationship is influence, and influence is leadership. A recent study on social media showed that of 130 Facebook Friends, a millennial could only rely on three. It is troubling that our millennials, who are used to breaking up relationships with a mere text message, are going to be the workforce of tomorrow.

The impact is that while they may think they have connections, what they really have are weak relationships; especially if each is working from his own space outside the office. This could inadvertently accentuate the undesired “silo-effect” in organizations.

One face to face encounter is often better and more effective than 100 emails, especially when the issue at hand is delicate. It is very difficult to feel connected to a sense of purpose or to our colleagues, or indeed feel a part of the organization if we over-rely on technology for communication.

The bigger challenge is whether we will have enough CUSTODIANS in the future to uphold the sustainability of the Enterprise, or whether the future of the company as we know it today is in peril. I believe we should be more deliberate about engaging and shaping these trends, than bury our heads in the sand, hoping it will all blow away somehow.

It will be interesting to share your thoughts.

Austin Okere is the Founder of CWG Plc, the largest ICT Company on the Nigerian Stock Exchange & Entrepreneur in Residence at CBS, New York. Austin also serves on the Advisory Board of the Global Business School Network, and on the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Innovation and Intrapreneurship. Austin now runs the Ausso Leadership Academy focused on Business and Entrepreneurial Mentorship

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