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Nigeria Presents 4 Copyright Treaties @ WIPO

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Afam Ezekude, Director- General of Nigerian Copyright Commission (NCC)

Nigeria has presented four key Copyright ratified Treaties to the Assembly of member states of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)in Geneva.

The presentation was made at a 57th WIPO General Assembly meeting in Geneva on October 2. Amb. Audu Kadiri, Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office in Geneva, said in a statement made available to newsmen on Friday in Abuja.

Kadiri, who presented the treaties to the Director General of WIPO, Dr. Francis Gurry said, Nigeria was committed to the implementation of the treaties in support of the country’s drive to revatilise its economy.

He listed the treaties to include the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT), the Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) and the Beijing Treaty on Audio Visual Performances and the Marrakesh Treaty .

He explained that the Beijing Treaty will enter into force three months after 30 ratifications or accessions are presented to WIPO. Kadiri also added that others will enter into force for Nigeria on January 4, 2018.

Gurry said the accessions represented a major commitment on the part of Nigeria to ensure that its copyright system is effective and therefore “its protection for performers and for artists and for composers and authors is at the very highest level internationally.”

Also, Mr. Afam Ezekude, Director- General of Nigerian Copyright Commission (NCC), who led Nigeria delegation to the meeting said , “With the ratification of the four treaties, Nigeria is about to witness a new era in its intellectual property protection policy and legislation.

“The development again underscores the urgent need to enact a new Copyright legislation that will implement the standards stipulated in the treaties,”he said.

“The Ratification of the treaties affirms Nigeria’s acceptance and its undertaking to faithfully perform and carry out obligations under the treaties.

“Nigeria stands to derive benefits from this instrument when its provisions are eventually domesticated in the revised Copyright bill being proposed by the NCC.

“Similarly, the Beijing treaty guarantees prospects of remuneration for performers in respect of residual exploitation of their fixed performances.

“For Nigeria and its burgeoning film industry (NOLLYWOOD), this treaty is particularly germane to the operations of the new system of collective management of rights in audiovisual works.

“It will strengthen and expand opportunities for players in the industry,“ he said.

President Muhammadu Buhari, following an approval of the Federal Executive Council, signed these four (4) instruments of ratification of the Treaties on August 24, 2017.

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NIGCOMSAT Takes on DStv, TStv with New DTH Services

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Nigerian Communication Satellite (NIGCOMSAT) Ltd in partnership with China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC) on Thursday in Abuja launched Direct-to-Home (DTH) services.

 

DTH refers to distribution of multi-channel television programmes in KU Band by using satellite system by providing TV signals direct to subscribers’ premises.

 

Mr Adamu Idris, head, Public Affairs Department of NIGCOMSAT, stated that with the launch of DTH, NIGCOMSAT aired programmes of its first commercial customer, OVY Network, a Botswana-based startup DTH operator.

 

He noted that NIGCOMSAT, in partnership with the satellite manufacturer, CGWIC, completed a world-class head-end system composed of main stream hardware and software obtained from the U.S., Singapore and China.

 

He added that “after over six months of intensive testing, optimising and trial services, the system integrator will provide 24-hour, 7 days a week technical support.

 

“The NIGCOMSAT DTH system is capable of providing commercial broadcasting services to Nigeria and all countries within its coverage, from Senegal in the West to Namibia in the South.”

 

The public affairs head stated that the NIGCOMSAT DTH system may offer new solution for the Digital Switch Over Programme in Nigeria, using the DTT platform.

 

It is a technological evolution of broadcast television and advancement over analogue television which broadcasts land-based (terrestrial) signals.

 

The deadline for digital switch over using terrestrial measure appeared difficult to meet, judging by the time and resources required to build ground facilities and the huge maintenance cost, Idris noted.

 

He, however, added that “the challenge may be mitigated with NIGCOMSAT DTH services, using NigComSat-1R satellite, as programmes can be broadcast in urban and remote areas across the country.”

 

Idris quoted Mr George Kavameje, chief executive officer, OVY Network, as saying “I am excited to partner with Nigeria’s NIGCOMSAT and China’s CGWIC to reach people in Sub-Saharan Africa with premium content, using NigComSat-1R satellite.”

 

He stated that a high level government delegation had earlier visited NIGCOMSAT DTH Centre following the setup of system and expressed optimism on the role of NIGCOMSAT in supporting the Digital Switch Over.

 

Mr Adebayo Shittu, minister of Communications, had urged the Ministry of Information and Culture, and related Ministries, Departments and Agencies to, in line with the Executive Order for Local Content, consider the indigenous capacity that NIGCOMSAT offer.

 

According to him, NIGCOMSAT has been developed to serve the broadcast and communication needs of businesses.

 

The minister said “we are ready and capable of providing quality services to both  public and private sectors in Nigeria.”

 

Shittu also urged DTH and Telecom operators to patronise Nigerian satellite services. (NAN)

 

 

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Activities of Cybercriminals up by 11.5% from 2016 – Kaspersky Lab

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Kaspersky Lab’s in-lab detection technologies shows that the number of new malicious files processed by cybercriminals has reached 360,000 a day in 2017, which is 11.5% more than the previous year.

 

After a slight decrease in 2015, the number of malicious files detected every day is growing for the second year in the row.

The number of daily detected malicious files reflects the average activity of cybercriminals involved in the creation and distribution of malware.

 

This figure was calculated for the first time in 2011 and totaled 70,000 at that time.

Since then it has grown five-fold, and as the 2017 data shows, it is still increasing.

Most of the files identified as dangerous fall into the malware category (78%).

 

However, viruses – whose prevalence significantly dropped 5-7 years ago, due to their complex development and low efficiency – still constitute 14% of daily detections.

The remaining files are advertising software, which is not considered malicious by default, but in many instances, can cause private information exposure and other risks.

 

Protection against this kind of threat is essential for better user experience.

Approximately 20,000 of all dangerous files detected daily, are identified by Astraea, Kaspersky Lab’s machine-learning malware analysis system, which identifies and blocks malware automatically.

Vyacheslav Zakorzhevsky, Head of Anti-Malware Team at Kaspersky Lab said,“In 2015, we witnessed a visible drop in daily detections and even started thinking that new malware could be less important for criminals, who have instead shifted their attention towards reusing old malware.

 

“However, over the last two years the number of new malware we discovered has been growing, which is a sign that interest in creating new malicious code has been revived.

 

“The explosive increase in ransomware attacks over the last couple of years is only set to continue, as there is a huge criminal ecosystem behind this type of threat, producing hundreds of new samples every day.

 

“This year, we have also seen a spike in miners – a class of malware that cybercriminals have started to use actively, in light of the ongoing rise in cryptocurrencies.

 

“The reason for the increase in detections could also be attributed to the constant improvements we are making in our protection technologies.

 

“With every new upgrade, we can identify more malware than before and this could account for a rise in numbers

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Accenture Releases Fjord Trends 2018

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Analyzing the pressing forces acting internally and externally on organizations and society, Accenture has released Fjord Trends 2018.

 

Its 11th annual report examines seven emergent trends expected to impact business, technology and design in the year ahead.

 

Rapid technological advancements are altering the world we live in today, provoking both wonder and angst about the possibilities.

 

Whether it’s artificial intelligence, computer vision or blockchain, emerging technologies are uprooting the digital and physical experiences of our everyday lives.

 

These joint forces are simultaneously creating optimism and concern about the unprecedented wave of change that is unfolding.

 

“Each of our 2018 trends is born out of a fundamental tension — be it a shift, a collision or a parting of ways,” said Mark Curtis, co-founder and chief client officer at Fjord. “Digital versus physical, human versus machine, centralized versus decentralized, speed versus craft, automation versus control, traceability versus anonymity. Winners in 2018 will be those who best navigate these tensions and seize the opportunity to collectively design the world we’ll be living in.”

 

Fjord Trends 2018 suggests how organizations can navigate these currents and design for positive change. It examines seven trends expected to shape the next generation of experiences:

 

Physical Fights Back: Digital has had the limelight long enough – there are two brand experience headliners now. The time has come to blend the digital with the physical.

 

Computers Have Eyes: As well as comprehending our words, computers now understand images without any help from us. Imagine the exciting possibilities for next-generation digital services.

 

Slaves to the Algorithm: How do you design a marketing strategy to win over the algorithms – immune to conventional branding efforts – that sit between brands and their customers?

 

A Machine’s Search for Meaning: A.I. might change our jobs, but need not eliminate them. We can – and should – design our collaboration with the machines that will help us develop.

 

In Transparency We Trust: Blockchain has the potential to create transparency that will clear the fog of Internet ambiguity, regain lost trust, and repair relationships with the public.

 

The Ethics Economy: Organizations are feeling the heat to take stands on political and societal hot button issues, whether they want to or not. And consumers are speaking with their dollars, choosing brands that align with their core beliefs.

 

Design Outside the Lines: Design’s rapid ascedency and newfound respect within organizations is a win for all. But, in a world in which everyone thinks they’re a designer, today’s practitioners need to evolve – how they work, learn and differentiate themselves – if they are to continue having impact.

 

According to Design Director at Fjord in South Africa, Marcel Rossouw, the annual Fjord Trend Report for 2018 provides an invaluable view on how technologies and experiences are shaping the way we live and do business.

 

“In South Africa, Blockchain has the power to create transparency that will clear the fog of internet ambiguity, win back lost trust, and repair relationships with the customers. Considering the local economic and political climate, the technology could be a real game changer to regain control and promote transparency. Automation and the rise of AI are also forcing organisations in the African continent to design for a seismic shift in the workplace,” said Rossouw.

 

“We believe this edition of Trends will provoke and inspire but, above all, provide actionable advice for organizations to prepare for the opportunities ahead,” said Baiju Shah, global co-lead, Fjord and managing director, Accenture Interactive. “Many of the thorny questions ahead of us revolve around human-machine interactions, the consequences of which will be profound for individuals, society and organizations of all kinds. As digital fades from being stand-alone to being embedded in our physical world, our relationships with everything around us will be redefined.”

 

Fjord Trends 2018 draws upon the collective thinking of Fjord’s 1,000+ designers and developers around the world. The annual report is based on first-hand observations, evidenced-based research and client work. This year, for the first time, it also drew upon the individual insights and perspectives from 85 clients across five continents, whose views inspired the report.

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