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Sophos Releases 2017 Malware Trends, Prediction



By peter oluka

From online gaming, to mobile apps and wearable tech, technology is used at almost every touch point in people’s day-to-day lives. However, the downside of living in this hyper-connected society means that people are also extremely vulnerable to cyber-attacks.

This year’s Malware Report from Sophos reveals just how malware is being weaved into this everyday technology, and how, year on year, we are seeing cybercriminals become more intelligent in their attacks, making it increasingly important for consumers to be wary of the dangers out there.

Whilst many consumers may live in denial that an attack like this will ever affect them, Sophos’ research revealed the opposite. Harish Chib, VP MEA at Sophos, reviews the most prominent risks from 2017, and what we can expect in 2018.

  • The extent of ransomware attacks from 2017
  • How online gaming was used to catch consumers off-guard
  • The level of malicious Android apps detected this year
  • 2018 thoughts and predictions

Sophos 2017 Malware trends and predictions 

  1. Ransomware is on every platform – don’t assume your mobile and tablets are safe

This year, WannaCry shook the world as the cyber hi-jack accounted for more than 45% of all ransomware tracked, closely followed by Cerber at 44.2%, according to Sophos’ most recent Malware Report.

In September alone, 30.4 percent of malicious Android malware processed by SophosLabs was ransomware. Sophos expects this to jump to approximately 45 percent in October. The majority of these attacks have targeted Windows users, but the number of attacks on other platforms is increasing, including those targeting Android, Macs and Linux.

Ransomware attacks have shifted in focus in the past two years, towards industries which are most likely to pay up, such as healthcare, government, critical infrastructure, and small businesses. Due to it being one of the most lucrative industries from ransomware payments or selling medical records, Healthcare has been a big target in 2017 and will without a doubt continue that way into 2018.

  1. Malware is hiding in Android Apps

When reviewing Google Play, Sophos found that the number of different threats had doubled since last year. One type of malware, dubbed ‘GhostClicker’, sat in Google Play for almost a year, disguising itself as part of the service library. It then request device administration permission, and actively simulated click-on advertisements as it delivered to earn revenue.

One of the more sobering finds was Lipizzan, spyware that infected up to 100 devices. Although this doesn’t sound like a large number, it seems this was a targeted, precision malware, which was designed to monitor phone activity and extracting data from popular apps including email, SMS, location, and voice calls, and media.

Malware such as this is showing no sign of reducing in the future, as cyber criminals know it works. Therefore, in order to combat being a victim of Android malware, Sophos would suggest consumers:

  • Stick to Google Play – Although it isn’t perfect, it puts plenty of effort into preventing malware arriving in the first place
  • Avoid apps with a low reputation – Be especially wary of this when using a work phone
  • Patch early, patch often – Check the vendors attitude to updates
  1. Online gaming is being used to spread Ransomware and Malware

In terms of online gaming, fake copies of the popular game, ‘King of Glory’ were used to spread ransomware this year. The warning screen used mimicked the one used during the WannaCry outbreak, directing individual to pay the ransom through the China-based Wechat, Alipay and QQ payment methods.

The number of malicious apps has risen steadily in the last four years, peaking at nearly 3.5 million in 2017, therefore we are likely to see this rise further in 2018, including more deceptive online gaming traps.

  1. Data breaches– they are not going away

The downside of living in this hyper-connected society means that people are extremely vulnerable to cyber-attacks, as shown in the past few weeks with the Uber Hack, which affected 2.7 million riders and drivers. Sadly, we don’t see these data breaches diminishing in 2018, and with GDPR coming into effect in May it will only continue to be a hot topic and something we are continuing to see.

  1. 2018 and beyond

It’s impossible to predict what will happen in 2018, however it’s a fair bet that Android and Windows will continue to be heavily targeted with ransomware and other Malware. Email will also remain the primary attack vector threatening corporate cyber security, especially in the case of targeted attacks.

Four trends that stood out in 2017, and will likely dominate 2018 are:

  1. A ransomware surge fueled by RaaS and amplified by the resurgence of worms;
  2. An explosion of Android malware on Google Play and elsewhere;
  3. Continued efforts to infect Mac computers; and
  4. Ongoing Windows threats, fueled by do-it-yourself exploit kits that make it easy to target Microsoft Office vulnerabilities.

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Teleology Pays $50m, Set to Takeover 9mobile



Teleology has put finishing touches to its acquisition of 9mobile, Nigeria’s 4th telecom services provider, by paying $50m deposit, ahead of the deadline.


Ahead of the March 22 deadline set by the Financial Advisers, Teleology said it has transferred a non-refundable completion deposit of $50 million to the Trustee for the bank syndicate presently holding ownership of 9Mobile, a statement by Teleology said Thursday.


In the last few days, key executives of the organization have been deep in meetings with the Nigerian bank syndicate, the regulatory authorities and advisors.


These meetings have culminated in the signing of the Share Purchase Agreement (SPA) and other contractual documents pertaining to the acquisition, a statement by Teleology said.


But the Nigerian Communications Commission [NCC] has not issued official statement on this new claim of Teleology.


A similar claim was debunked by NCC last month. The regulator said it had yet to announce the telecom operator as the new owner of 9mobile.


But Teleology in the statement Thursday said it has detailed an ambitious plan of action that will guide its rapid overhaul not only of the network but all aspects of the operations.


According to Adrian Wood, Teleology’s Director and pioneer Managing Director of MTN Nigeria, “9mobile is transiting into a new phase that will be defined by optimal value delivery:  value to our employees, value to our customers, value to local communities and indeed to all stakeholders.”


He added that the new organization to emerge would be “engineering led and brand driven.”  In delivering service, “we will strive to ensure that 9Mobile operations deliver fulfillment to our customers, empowerment to local communities, protection to the vulnerable, and excellent rewards not only to our shareholders but to all stakeholders.


Mr. Wood added that Teleology has set out a 10-point plan that aggregates its mission and how it intends to turn the 9mobile organization around.


It plans to double the 9Mobile network with new 3G/4G specific cell sites as well as a several thousands of kilometers of fiber optic cable across the country.  It will drive a special program of rural internet coverage, focusing on 4G with broadband access planned for all of Nigeria’s 774 Local Government Areas.


Youth engagement and employment programs are also planned with all build contractors, distributors and consultants, he said, while investment in broadband internet access technologies which are completely new to Nigeria, are also planned.  Very importantly, he added, the 9Mobile network will be optimized for high speed and high capacity data including imaging, video, games, music, IPTV and more.


“Any 3-point plan or 3-dimension idea is naïve and completely missing the scope and complexity of the urgent Nigerian need to be brought into the 21st century broadband era”.


Teleology, he added, envisages an increase of 50% in direct employment in the new 9Mobile.  There is also an active plan to introduce within the first year, several million 4G-capable premium quality smartphones, at exceedingly affordable pricing.


“Nigerians should look forward to a new regime of intensely exciting and innovative brand loyalty rewards programs, from the new 9Mobile,” he said.


He disclosed that Teleology had entered into an alliance with Safaricom, the largest network operator in East Africa.  Safaricom is famous for its global “mpesa” mobile financial services system, which advances financial inclusion and supports the network with the highest operating efficiencies in Africa.


Coming at a period when competition in the Nigerian telecom industry has for some years been limited to price wars between the various GSM companies, clearly, Teleology’s coming will very likely herald a new era of intense competition and quest for market share among Nigeria’s telecom operators.


Teleology is promoted by a group of 12 telecom industry veterans with considerable experience not only in Nigeria and Africa but in the global telecom space as well.  The executive management for instance, boasts more than 337+ years of collective frontline operational management experience.


Mr. Wood used the opportunity to express thanks to Barclays Africa, the Financial Advisers to the transaction, the Nigerian bank syndicate, the fulsome backing and support of the NCC and CBN which made 9Mobile’s survival possible, and the loyal 9Mobile management and staff who carried on in the face of skepticism, doubt and negative market sentiment.


Mr. Wood assured that additional details including formal relaunch plans would be unveiled in due course.

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Spending on Cognitive/AI Systems to Reach $19.1 Billion in 2018- IDC



 New spending guide revealed by International Data Corporation (IDC) shows that worldwide spending on cognitive and artificial intelligence (AI) systems will reach $19.1 billion in 2018, an increase of 54.2% over the amount spent in 2017.


With industries investing aggressively in projects that utilize cognitive/AI software capabilities, the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Semiannual Cognitive Artificial Intelligence Systems Spending Guide forecasts cognitive and AI spending will grow to $52.2 billion in 2021 and achieve a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 46.2% over the 2016-2021 forecast period.


David Schubmehl, research director, Cognitive/Artificial Intelligence Systems at IDC, said “Interest and awareness of AI is at a fever pitch.


“Every industry and every organization should be evaluating AI to see how it will affect their business processes and go-to-market efficiencies.


“IDC has estimated that by 2019, 40% of digital transformation initiatives will use AI services and by 2021, 75% of enterprise applications will use AI.

“From predictions, recommendations, and advice to automated customer service agents and intelligent process automation, AI is changing the face of how we interact with computer systems.”


Retail will overtake banking in 2018 to become the industry leader in terms of cognitive/AI spending.


Retail firms will invest $3.4 billion this year on a range of AI use cases, including automated customer service agents, expert shopping advisors and product recommendations, and merchandising for omni channel operations.


Much of the $3.3 billion spent by the banking industry will go toward automated threat intelligence and prevention systems, fraud analysis and investigation, and program advisors and recommendation systems.


Discrete manufacturing will be the third largest industry for AI spending with $2.0 billion going toward a range of use cases including automated preventative maintenance and quality management investigation and recommendation systems.


The fourth largest industry, healthcare providers, will allocate most of its $1.7 billion investment to diagnosis and treatment systems.


Marianne Daquila, research manager, Customer Insights & Analysis IDC, said “Enterprise digital transformation strategies are increasingly including multiple cognitive/artificial intelligence use cases,”


“Business transformation is occurring across all industries as successful companies embrace the array and potential impact of these solutions.


“Automated customer service agents, increased public safety, preventative maintenance, reduction of fraud, and improved healthcare diagnosis are just the tip of the iceberg driving spend today.


“With double-digit year-over-year spending growth forecast, IDC expects to see an increase in general use cases, as well as a refinement of industry-specific use cases.”


The cognitive/AI use cases that will see the largest spending totals in 2018 are: automated customer service agents ($2.4 billion) with significant investments from the retail and telecommunications industries; automated threat intelligence and prevention systems ($1.5 billion) with the banking, utilities, and telecommunications industries as the leading industries; and sales process recommendation and automation ($1.45 billion) spending led by the retail and media industries.


Three other use cases will be close behind in terms of global spending in 2018: automated preventive maintenance; diagnosis and treatment systems; and fraud analysis and investigation.


The use cases that will see the fastest spending growth over the 2016-2021 forecast period are: public safety and emergency response (75.4% CAGR), pharmaceutical research and discovery (70.5% CAGR), and expert shopping advisors and product recommendations (67.3% CAGR).


A little more than half of all cognitive/AI spending throughout the forecast will go toward cognitive software.


The largest software category is cognitive applications, which includes cognitively-enabled process and industry applications that automatically learn, discover, and make recommendations or predictions.


The other software category is cognitive platforms, which facilitate the development of intelligent, advisory, and cognitively enabled applications.


Industries will also invest in IT services to help with the development and implementation of their cognitive/AI systems and business services such as consulting and horizontal business process outsourcing related to these systems.


The smallest category of technology spending will be the hardware (servers and storage) needed to support the systems.


On a geographic basis, the United States will deliver more than three quarters of all spending on cognitive/AI systems in 2018, led by the retail and banking industries.


Western Europe will be the second largest region in 2018, led by retail, discrete manufacturing and banking.


The strongest spending growth over the five-year forecast will be in Japan (73.5% CAGR) and Asia/Pacific (excluding Japan and China) (72.9% CAGR). China will also experience strong spending growth throughout the forecast (68.2% CAGR).


“The latest iteration of the Cognitive/AI Spending Guide is a roadmap for the journey of organizational digital transformation through the use of AI, deep learning, and machine learning,”


“Organizations should be evaluating and starting to use AI throughout their systems and the Cognitive/AI Spending Guide is an indispensable resource in that effort,” added Schubmehl.


The Worldwide Semiannual Cognitive Artificial Intelligence Systems Spending Guide sizes spending for technologies that analyze, organize, access, and provide advisory services based on a range of unstructured information.


The spending guide quantifies the cognitive computing opportunity by providing data for more than 20 use cases across 16 industries in eight regions.


Data is also available for the related hardware, software, and services categories.


Unlike any other research in the industry, the detailed segmentation and timely, global data is designed to help suppliers targeting the market to identify market opportunities and execute an effective strategy.

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9Mobile: Smile Waits for Teleology to Fail Tests



Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has laid down rules of engagement that will ensure not only the transparent sale of 9Mobile but also the sustenance of its business post sale.


This suggests that the telecoms industry regulator, may not issue operational licence to the preferred bidder of 9mobile as announced by Barclays Africa, the financial adviser handling the sale of the telecoms company should the preferred bidder fall short of the technical know-how required to manage 9mobile.


Teleology Holdings, the preferred bidder selected for the acquisition of 9mobile, had up till March 21, to pay the non-refundable $50 million cash deposit.


But the rules of engagement by NCC suggest Teleology Holdings may be out of the race on technical grounds.

Smile Communications, the reserved bidder for 9mobile, is waiting in the wings to step in if Teleology fails.


NCC rules of engagement are contained in a letter, by its Governing Board signed by Senator Olabiyi Durojaiye, chairman, NCC to Mr. Godwin Emefiele, governor, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).


The NCC letter is partly in recognition of the fact that 9Mobile is indebted to a consortium of banks that are regulated by the CBN. Both NCC and CBN have been collaborating to ensure the successful sale of 9Mobile.


The letter espoused the three criteria that will guide the emergence of a preferred bidder for 9Mobile.


The first is “that whichever company would qualify as successful bidder to take over 9Mobile has the technical competence apart from financial capability to turn round 9mobile and not further compound its problems”.


The second criterion is “that the successful bidder should come in with substantial funds (FOREX) to sustain the industry not just recycling funds facilities already within the economy”.


While the third insists “that the company that will take over should have adequate technical infrastructure on ground”.

The last criterion stemmed from NCC’s disavowal of the likelihood of the CBN been swayed by the creditor banks that “only focuses essentially on repayment of outstanding loans”.


NCC’s concern for the sustenance of 9Mobile business post sale is hinged on the need for “the continuity of the company for the betterment of the telecom industry, subscribers, labour force and the interest of Nigeria as a whole”.


In advising CBN to take into consideration all the issued raised before recommending a preferred bidder to the Commission for the approval of a licence, NCC restated its earlier stand in the press release of February 22, 2018, that “the NCC Board will not allow what happened to Etisalat to repeat itself.

Therefore, the Board will scrutinize the technical capability and pedigree of whatever company/companies are recommended as preferred bidders as regards their records in the immediate past 3 – 5 years before any of them is considered qualified to be issued a licence”.


The Commission’s stance, the letter affirmed will safeguard 9Mobile from collapse and help it to raise enough funds to clear the debts inherited from Etisalat.


Its stance it surmised “is in the overall best interest of the communication Industry, the shareholders, the subscribers, the labour force and the entire country”.

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